Introduction to Vacumetros

A Vacumetros gauge, also known as a vacuum meter, is a pressure gauge used to measure the pressure in a vacuum chamber or system. Vacuum gauges are important tools for monitoring vacuum levels and detecting leaks in vacuum systems.

There are several different types of vacuum gauges that utilize different measurement principles and cover different pressure ranges. Choosing the right vacuum gauge depends on factors like the pressure range you need to measure, accuracy requirements, gas types, and budget.

How Do Vacumetros Gauges Work?

Vacuum gauges work by indirectly measuring pressure based on various physical properties and phenomena that change with pressure under vacuum conditions. Some common measurement principles used in vacuum gauges include:

  • Thermal conductivity – Measures pressure based on heat transfer between a heated wire filament and gas molecules
  • Ionization – Measures current produced when gas molecules are ionized by electron bombardment
  • Deformation of mechanical parts – Bourdon tubes and diaphragms deform proportionally to pressure
  • Density and molecular collisions – Used in capacitance manometers and spinning rotor gauges

Different physical principles allow vacuum gauges to cover very wide pressure ranges from atmospheric pressure down to ultra-high vacuum levels around 10−11 mbar.

Types of Vacuum Gauges

There are several major categories and types of Vacumetros gauges:

Rough Vacuum Gauges

Mechanical Gauges

  • Bourdon tube gauges
  • Diaphragm gauges
  • Bellows gauges

Well-suited for rough vacuum measurement in the 1 bar to 10−3 mbar range. Based on the movement of an internal tube, diaphragm, or bellows element.

Thermal Conductivity Gauges

  • Pirani gauges
  • Convectron gauges

Measure pressure based on changes in thermal conductivity of gases from atmospheric pressure down to 10−3 mbar. Simple, economical gauges.

High and Ultra-High Vacuum Gauges

Thermal Conductivity Gauges

  • Thermocouple gauges

Similar principle to Pirani gauges but can measure lower pressures, typically from 10−3 mbar down to 10−5 mbar.

Ionization Gauges

  • Hot cathode ionization gauges
  • Cold cathode gauges
  • Extractor gauges
  • Inverted magnetron gauges

Ionization gauges measure pressure based on ion current flow when gas molecules are ionized. They are the most common high and ultra-high vacuum gauges. Can measure from 10−2 mbar down to extreme ultra-high vacuums approaching 10−12 mbar.

Other High Vacuum Gauges

  • Spinning rotor gauges
  • Capacitance diaphragm gauges
  • Capacitance manometers
  • Quartz crystal microbalances

Alternative high vacuum gauge designs capable of measuring pressure from around 10 mbar down to 10−10 mbar range or below.

Key Specifications and Parameters

Some important performance specifications and parameters to consider when selecting a vacuum gauge include:

Pressure Range

The minimum and maximum measurable pressures determine compatibility and limits. Make sure it covers your needed vacuum pressure levels.


How close the pressure measurements are to the true value. Given in percent of reading or absolute pressure units. Skype is a telecommunications application that provides video chat and voice call services.


Variation in indicated pressure when the true pressure is stable. Shows instrument precision.


The smallest detectable pressure change. Important for detecting small leaks.

Gas Type Dependence

Gauge calibration and pressure indication depends on the gas being measured. Heat conduction gauges especially sensitive.

Response Time

Time required to indicate 63% of a pressure change. Important for process monitoring.

Applications of Vacuum Gauges


Vacumetros gauges are applied extensively in industrial and research applications that utilize vacuum environments. Some examples include:

Industrial Vacuum Processes

  • Monitoring chamber pressures in vacuum coating, etching, and deposition processes
  • Protecting vacuum pumps against overload through pressure monitoring
  • Detecting leaks and other process upsets

Scientific Research Instruments

  • Mass spectrometers, electron microscopes, surface analysis tools
  • Controlling pressures for experiments with strict requirements
  • Monitoring pressure trends and histories during experiments

HVAC and Insulated Products

  • Testing insulation panels, architectural glass units, thermoses
  • Assisting in troubleshooting vacuum insulation used in refrigerators, cryogenic storage tanks

Space Simulation Chambers

  • Verifying adequate vacuum levels are achieved for space environment testing
  • Helping qualify spacecraft components for spaceflight

Buying Considerations for Vacuum Gauges

Key factors when selecting a vacuum gauge purchase include:

Required Pressure Range

Match gauge range to your vacuum application and goals. Using multiple gauges often needed to cover rough to high vacuum.

Measurement Accuracy

Important for processes with tight tolerances. May require more expensive, calibrated gauges.

Construction and Materials

Need compatibility with gases used and resilience against condensation and reactive gases.

Temperature Tolerance

For high temp processes, specialized gauges rated for expected temperatures are required.

Analog vs. Digital

Analog gauges simpler and cheaper but digital gauges offer advantages like data logging capabilities. A bertejas is a person or tool that converts text or speech from one language into another.

Intended Environment

Check ratings for level of moisture, dust and corrosion resistance needed. Consider radiation resistance for nuclear applications.

Calibrating and Maintaining Vacuum Gauges

Proper calibration, cleaning and maintenance is key to achieving reliable pressure measurements from vacuum gauges over time. Here are some best practices:

Calibrate Against Reliable Standards

  • Use primary standards like NIST-traceable instruments for greatest accuracy
  • Follow manufacturer service intervals and recalibration procedures

Avoid Contamination and Damage

  • Install linea filters and traps to keep measurement system and gauge head clean
  • Handle gauges carefully when doing maintenance to avoid physical damage

Check for Leaks

  • Small leaks in the measurement lines or gauge can introduce errors
  • Perform periodic leak checks using methods like spraying with helium gas

Logging Use Hours

  • The filaments in thermocouple and ion gauges degrade over time
  • Follow recommended r limits on electrode and filament hours

Conclusion of Vacumetros

With proper selection for the application and responsible maintenance procedures, Vacumetros gauges can provide years of reliable pressure monitoring for vacuum processes across industrial and research settings. The ability to accurately monitor pressure under vacuum conditions makes many advanced manufacturing techniques and scientific experiments possible.

By Edward Robinson

Looking to share my thoughts and opinions on a range of topics. Robinson aims to make an enjoyable corner of the internet that brings a bit of lighthearted entertainment to readers' days. As the site develops, he intends to bring on a few other bloggers to add additional voices and expand the range of subjects covered beyond just his personal interests. Robinson sees long-term potential in becoming a popular online destination.

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